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Chapter: Microbiology

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DNA as the Genetic Material

The substance that carries the information determines the prop-erties of the organism is called genetic material.

DNA as the Genetic Material

The substance that carries the information determines the prop-erties of the organism is called genetic material. This genetic material is responsible for transferring the genetic information from parent to prog-eny. In all organisms the genetic material is DNA. However, there are some exceptions such as bacteria and numerous plant and animal vi-ruses in which the genetic material is RNA.

Since the DNA is the genetic material that carries the informa-tion, it is called the central dogma, i.e., the information contained in DNA is translated to protein structures. Different experiments were carried out to identify DNA as the genetic material.

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