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Chapter: 11th Chemistry : Periodic Classification of Elements

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Periodic Classification of Elements

The discovery of elements is linked with human civilization.

PERIODIC CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS

"An awareness of the periodic table is essential to anyone who wishes to disentangle the word and see how it is built up from the fundamental building blocks of the chemistry, the chemical elements " - Glenn T. Seaborg


Introduction

There are millions of chemical compounds existing in nature with different compositions and properties, formed from less than 100 naturally occurring elements.

The discovery of elements is linked with human civilization. In stone age man has used some metals to suit his needs without knowing that they are elements. Soon he learnt to extract elements from ores and fashion them into his daily life. Over the years, more and more elements were discovered. In 1789, Lavoisier from France, published the first list of chemical elements containing 23 elements after several experimental investigations.

 

Antoine Lavoisier classified the substances into four groups of elements namely acid-making elements, gas-like elements, metallic elements and earthy elements




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