Influenza (commonly known as Flu) is an acute infection of the respiratory tract. It is caused by the influenza viruses. Influenza tends to spread very rapidly.
Influenza virus are 3 types. Namely A, B, C
Mode of transmission - Influenza spreads mainly from person by droplet infection created by sneezing, Coughing or talking. The portal of entry of the virus is the respiratory tract.
Incubation period - 18 – 72 hours
· Generalized weakness
Complications - Pneumonia
Antiviral drugs: These drugs may also modify the severity of influenza. If started with in 24-48 hours of onset of illness
· Avoidance of crowded places
· Good ventilation of public buildings
· Covering the face when coughing and sneezing with handkerchief or cloth
· Isolation of cases of influenza