A dengue like disease caused by a group A virus.
Aedes aegypt, Ades albopictus female mosquitoes
Mode of transmission –Transmitted from human to human by the bites of infected female mosquitoes.
Incubation period - 4 to 7 days
· High fever with chills
· Severe articular pains in the limbs and spinal column.
· Coffee-coloured vomiting
· Arthropathy : pain, swelling and stiffness, especially of the meta carpophalanges wrist Elbow, shoulder, knee, ankle and metatarsal joints.
Serological tests: ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assays)
· Cerebral problems
· Kidney disorders
· The Aedes aegypti mosquito breeds in clean water.
· All water containers should be covered, to eliminate mosquito from the breeding places.
· Abate is increasingly used as a larvicide.
· Aerosol spray of ultra low volume (ULV) quantities of malathion or sumithion (250 ml / hectare) has been found to be effective in interrupting transmission and stopping
· Epidemics of dengue haemorrhagic fever.
· Anti – pyretics
Communicable diseases can be prevented by appropriate preventive measures which include:
· Good site planning
· Provision of basic clinical services
· Provision of appropriate shelter
· Clean water supply
· Mass vaccination against specific diseases
· Regular and sufficient food supply
· Control of vectors
· Health education specific protection. Eg. Immunization chemoprophylaxis