Learning Objectives
• To recall the similar and congruence properties and also the basic properties of triangles.
• To understand the theorems based on these properties and apply them appropriately to problems.
• To understand the Pythagorean theorem and solve problems using it.
• To know and understand the concurrency of medians, altitudes, angle bisectors and perpendicular bisectors in a triangle.
• To construct quadrilaterals of various types.

__Chapter
5__

__GEOMETRY__

** **

**Learning Objectives**

• To recall the similar and congruence properties and also the basic
properties of triangles.

• To understand the theorems based on these properties and apply
them appropriately to problems.

• To understand the Pythagorean theorem and solve problems using
it.

• To know and understand the concurrency of medians, altitudes, angle
bisectors and perpendicular bisectors in a triangle.

• To construct quadrilaterals of various types.

**Introduction**

Geometry, as we all know studies shapes by looking at the properties and relations of points, circles, triangles of two dimensions and solids. In the earlier classes, we have seen a few properties of triangles. In this class, we are going to recall them and also learn the congruence and the similarity properties in triangles. Also, we shall learn about the Pythagorean theorem and the concurrency of medians, altitudes, angle bisectors and perpendicular bisectors in a triangle. Also, we will also see how to construct quadrilaterals of various types.

**MATHEMATICS ALIVE – GEOMETRY
IN REAL LIFE**

** **

**Answer the following questions by recalling
the properties of triangles:**

1. The sum
of the three angles of a triangle is _____________ . **[Answer: 180°]**

2. The exterior
angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the ____________ angles to it. **[Answer: interior]**

3. In a triangle,
the sum of any two sides is ____________ than the third side. **[Answer: greater]**

4. Angles
opposite to equal sides are _______ and vice – versa. **[Answer: Equal]**

5. What is
∠*A* in the triangle *ABC*?

**Solution:**

The exterior angle = sum of interior opposite angles.

∴ ∠A + ∠C = 150° in ΔABC

But ∠C = 40° [∵ Vertically opposite angler are
equal]

∴ ∠A + ∠C = 150°

=> ∠A + ∠40° = 150°

∠A = 150° − 40°

∠A = 110°

Tags : Chapter 5 | 8th Maths , 8th Maths : Chapter 5 : Geometry

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8th Maths : Chapter 5 : Geometry : Geometry | Chapter 5 | 8th Maths

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