Fasterners are any item used to close a garment opening.There are different types of fasteners. While selecting these fasteners they must be free from rust and with laundering they must not break. Select to suit the color, design and texture of the fabric, the style and use of the garment and the position of the placket. Also consider the age and sex of the wearer. Fasteners are decorative and functional. Some are conspicuous while some are inconspicuous.
Always fasteners should be fixed on to double material for strength. They should be fixed in such a way that the right side of the garment laps over the left side for women and the left laps over the right for men. Buttons and buttonholes are generally used for men's shirt, trousers etc., just as press buttons, hooks and eyes are used for ladies cholies and children's dresses.
Some of the types of fastener include press button, hook and eye, button and button hole, zippers, tapes and elastic.
These are used to hold edges that will not have much strain when the garment is worn. They will open out if used on snug fitted parts. These are available on various sizes and weights. They are either black or silver. There are two sections in this a stud and a socket. On the wrong side of the overlap the stud is attached, close to the edge. Take care that the stitches fastening the press button do not show on the right side of the garment. After attaching the stud to the overlap press it to the under lap to make impression. Place the socket over this impression and make four or five buttonholes stitches on each hole of the socket. Fasten the thread on the wrong side when finished. This fastener is ideal for sportswear and kidswear.
These are used on the placket where there is crosswise strain. They form an inconspicuous closing. The hook should be placed 1/8' inside the finished edge of the overlap on the wrong side. Work buttonhole stitches or overcasting stitches around the rings of the hooks and at the centre of the hook. Then slip the needle through the fabric and bring it out near the hook end. Take several back stitches across and under the loop of the hook to hold it down firmly. Fasten off with small back stitches, without showing on the right side.
The eyes are curved or straight and are made of metal. These are usually substituted with thread loops of matching color thread. Usually finished in the same way as hooks.
Fasten the thread on the wrong side when finished. Mostly overcasting, blanket or button hole stitch is used for stitching eyes.
There are two types of loop. They are Thread loop and Fabric loop. The thread loop is an inconspicuous fastening which is most often found at the neck edge. To make a thread loop, sew four or five strands of matching thread on the under lap in the correct position, then work buttonhole stitches over these strands.
Fabric loops are made of strips of bias fabric stitched and turned inside out to form a narrow tube. The fabric used may be of self material. This type of fastening adds a decorative trim to children's and women's garments. Following gives the constructing steps. Cut a strip of bias fabric about 1' wide fold in half lengthwise, right sides together, and stitch about 1/8' from the folded edge down the length of the strip. Trim seam allowances to 1/8'. Attach a strong thread to one end of tube at the seam. Turn the tube inside out by drawing the thread right through the tubing with a heavy needle. Cut the tube into lengths equal to the finished length of the loop plus seam allowance. Place these pieces on the right side of the over lap, shaped as loops turned away from the edge of the opening. Tack the facing right side down over loop and machine along seam line. Turn facing to wrong side and tack in position. Loops will be now extending from placket edge. Button, matching to the fabric loops are fixed on the under lap.