Buttons and Buttonholes:
These are functional as well as decorative. Contrasting color or self colored buttons can be used. Buttonholes are slits cut in garments to hold the buttons in place. The raw edges of the slits are finished with buttonhole stitches.
Buttons should be selected to suit the color, design and texture of the fabric and also the style of the garment. Two types-shank buttons and buttons with holes are most commonly used. Button maybe made of self fabrics, bone, glass, metal, plastics etc. Place overlap over the under lap so that the centre front line coincides. Insert a pin through the gap of the buttonhole. Now lift the overlap and mark the position of button on the pin mark. Sew button using the double thread bringing the needle up and down through the holes. After working enough stitches bring the thread to the wrong side of the fabric and insert it into the previous Button thread forming a small knot. Buttons with 4 holes may be sewn in the shape of a cross, two parallel lines, a square or an arrow head.
b. Button holes:
Buttonholes should be worked on the overlap before the buttons are fixed. They may be placed vertically or horizontally on the garment. Whether the buttonhole is vertical or horizontal, buttons are placed exactly on the centre front line. The allowance of the material beyond the center front line should be at least ½' or half the diameter of button used. The length of the buttonhole should be the diameter of the button plus 1/8' (or the thickness of the button).