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# Exercise 10.2: Formation of Differential equations from Physical Situations

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EXERCISE 10.2

1. Express each of the following physical statements in the form of differential equation.

(i) Radium decays at a rate proportional to the amount Q present.

(ii) The population P of a city increases at a rate proportional to the product of population and to the difference between 5,00,000 and the population.

(iii) For a certain substance, the rate of change of vapor pressure P with respect to temperature is proportional to the vapor pressure and inversely proportional to the square of the temperature.

(iv) A saving amount pays 8% interest per year, compounded continuously. In addition, the income from another investment is credited to the amount continuously at the rate of ₹ 400 per year.

2. Assume that a spherical rain drop evaporates at a rate proportional to its surface area. Form a differential equation involving the rate of change of the radius of the rain drop.