functions of Lipids
Lipids are stored in a relatively water - free
state in the tissues in contrast to carbohydrates which are heavily hydrated to
perform a wide variety of functions.
lipids are reservoir of potential chemical energy. Lipids can be stored in the
body in almost unlimited amount in contrast to carbohydrates. Furthermore,
lipids have a high calorific value (9.3 calories per gram) which is twice as
great as carbohydrate. Large amount of energy is stored as lipid than as
which forms the major constituent of biomembranes are responsible for membrane
integrity and regulation of membrane permeability.
subcutaneous lipids serve as insulating materials against atmospheric heat and
cold and protect internal organs.
serve as a source of fat soluble vitamins (Vitamin A, D, E and K) and essential
fatty acids. (Linoleic, Linolenic and Arachidonic acid).
serve as metabolic regulators of steroid hormones and prostaglandins.
present in inner mitochondrial membrane actively participate in electron
fatty acids help in lowering blood cholesterol.
a steroid, is an potential antibiotic and antifungal agent.