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12th Standard Higher secondary Second Year

Geography -



Plants, Animals and Humans

-:- Biosphere : Plants and Animals, The Biomes
-:- The forest biomes : Coniferous, Temperate, Tropical forests
-:- Temperate And Tropical Grassland Biomes
-:- Cold and Tropical deserts Biomes
-:- Harvesting Forests and Shrinking Forests
-:- Sea Ecosystems

The Human Potential

-:- Human Evolution and Human Civilisations
-:- Growth, Distribution and Density
-:- Structure, Composition and Population Explosion
-:- Malthus- Population Theory and Marx's Ideas on Population


Settlement Systems

-:- Human-made ecosystems : settlement systems
-:- Classification of Settlements
-:- Urban Growth and Problems
-:- Central Place Theory

Industrial Systems

-:- Classification of Industrial systems
-:- Industrial System : Functional Characteristics and linkage
-:- Factors of Industrial Location
-:- Theory of Industrial Location : Weber's Theory of Location

Trade Systems

-:- Role of Geographical Factors in Trade
-:- Geographical and Stage of Technological Development
-:- Geographical Trade Types
-:- Geographical Trade Blocs
-:- Benefits from Trade Blocs and Trade Trap and the Fall of Markets


Transport and Communication Systems

-:- Human-made ecosystems : Transport and communication systems
-:- Human-made ecosystems : Transport Systems and Transport Types
-:- Transport Types and Classification : Road, Train, Sea, Air
-:- The Cargo Traffic
-:- Ecosystems : Information and Communication Systems : Technological, Technical Development
-:- Importance of Information Technology
-:- Communication Revolution

Space Technologies

-:- Remote Sensing Systems : Types and Uses
-:- Classification of Satellite Remote Sensing : Geo, Sun, Spy Satellites
-:- Elements of Remote Sensing Systems
-:- Uses of Remote Sensing
-:- Indian Space Programme
-:- Water, a Valuable Resource
-:- Water: Quantity and Quality
-:- Quantity of Water
-:- Quality of Water
-:- Water Based, Related and Waterborne Diseases
-:- Water Supply and Demand and Drinking Water Scarcity


Global Freshwater

-:- Global freshwater : Urbanisation
-:- Global fresh water : Industrialisation
-:- Land and Water Pollution
-:- Water Ethics and Management, Irrigation, Political Dimension
-:- Water Management and Basin Management
-:- Water Supply and Sanitation
-:- Disaster, Hazard and Vulnerability, the Meaning
-:- Resilience and Emergency

Natural Disasters

-:- Disaster Management, Mitigation and Prevention
-:- Earthquakes and Landslides
-:- The Turkey Earthquake 1999
-:- Disasters and Health Epidemic, Emergency Response to Disasters
-:- Global Warming
-:- Floods as Hazard and Major Flood Disasters in world
-:- Flood Warning and Emergency Planning
-:- Desertification
-:- Advancing Deserts of the World
-:- Programmes and Projects - Desertification and Drought in India

Conservation and Resource Management

-:- Conservation and resource management
-:- History of Conservation and Resource Management
-:- History of Conservation and Resource Management In the mid-20th century
-:- Water Resources Management and Conservation Techniques
-:- Rainwater Harvesting and Techniques
-:- Inter-State River Linkages


Map Interpretation

-:- Map interpretation : Basic Map Components (Parts)
-:- Map interpretation : Basic Principles of Map Reading
-:- Suggested, Sequential Learning of Map Skills
-:- Weather Maps and Images Interpretation
-:- Map Symbols for Weather and Clouds
-:- Weather Maps : Winds - Low, High
-:- Weather Forecasting and its Methods



Database Management Systems and Geographical Information systems

-:- What is Geographical Information System?
-:- Database Management Systems - Databases
-:- Applications of Geographical Information Systems

Global Positioning Systems

-:- Global Positioning System (GPS) is a Satellite Navigation System
-:- Carrier Phase Tracking (Surveying): An Application of GPS