a Prepare a chart to show the location of various endocrine glands of human.
b Visit a nearby medical college or hospital and gather data of endocrine disorder, diseases and treatment measures.
On an educational tour to Nilgiris, Nitish and his friends observed the local people. Few of them were with swollen neck.
1. Is it a disease? If so what is the cause? How is the disease treated?
Visit a nearby medical college or hospital and gather data of endocrine disorder, diseases and treatment measures.
When my Aunt comes to India from America through air after a long journey, she suffers with jetlag. Find out the reason.
Endocrine glands: secrete hormones which diffuse into blood and induce the target organs. They are chemical messengers or organic catalysts which interact with receptor in the target organs.
Hormones speed up or slow down or alter the activities of target organs. The hypo or hyper secretion of hormones leads to serious effects on human beings. Hormones coordinate different physical and mental activities to maintain homeostasis.
Hypothalamus interlinks nervous system and endocrine system. It is located in the diencephalon of cerebrum and controls the pituitary secretion. Pituitary gland secretes six tropic hormones which regulates various physiological functions of our body. Posterior pituitary gland secretes vasopressin that regulates water and electrolyte balance. Oxytocin helps during child birth. Melatonin secreted by pineal gland regulates circadian rhythm of our body. The thyroid gland secretes thyroxine which stimulates the nervous system, skeletal growth, and regulates basal metabolic rate.
Parathyroid gland regulates calcium level in our body. Thymus gland plays a vital role in cell mediated immunity by promoting T lymphocytes maturation. Pancreas regulates blood glucose homeostasis through its secretion of insulin and glucagon.
Adrenal cortex secretes mineralocorticoids which regulates mineral metabolism, glucocorticoids regulates carbohydrate metabolism. Adrenal medulla secretes the hormones adrenalin and noradrenalin. In male, reproductive functions are controlled by testosterone secreted by the testis. In female, ovary secretes three hormones oestrogen, progesterone and relaxin that regulates reproductive functions.
Hormonal deficiency causes serious harmful effects in human. It alters physiological and biochemical functions of the body. This leads into various disorders like acromegaly, dwarfism, tetany, diabetes etc.
An endocrinology career is a medical career that involves studying hormones and their effects on human body. They investigate and find new ways of treatment of hormonal imbalance. Just like doctors, endocrinologists speak with patients about their medical history and share current findings. They also study the test result of patients and advise them for treatment.
After completing basic degree in medicine (MBBS) doctors can study super specialty course in endocrinology such as endocrine surgery, general endocrinology, paediatric endocrinology etc.