Branching pattern is determined by the relative
activity of apical meristems. The mode of arrangement of branches on a stem is
known as branching. There are two
main types of branching, 1. Lateral branching and 2. Dichotomous branching.
Based on growth pattern stems may show indeterminate or determinate growth.
(a) Indeterminate: The terminal bud grows uninterrupted and produce
several lateral branches. This type of growth is also known as monopodial branching. Example: Polyalthia, Swietenia, Antiaris.
(b) Determinate: The terminal bud caese to grow after a period of growth and
the further growth is taken care by successive or several lateral meristem or
buds. This type of growth is also known as sympodial
branching. Example: Cycas.