SIMPLE HEALTH PROBLEMS
Ulcers occur when there is excessive production
of acid, particularly when the stomach is empty of food, due to irregular
meals, excessive smoking and drinking, or lack of sleep or result of nervous
Main symptoms are
Pain just below the ribs, appears in the late
morning and gets worse towards evening.
An increase in the production of saliva.
These can be eased by antacids. Drugs can be given, which inhibit acid
secretion. Rest is important. The most important being diet - small meals at
regular intervals, less spicy, less fibre and highly nutritious.
Veneral disease are endemic that is, they are
always present in the community. They are usually contracted through sexual
intercourse with an infected partner. They include gonorrhoea and non-specific
urethritis which are very common but easy to treat. Syphilis, is rare and
extremely serious if left untreated.
hand evidence of syphilitic exposure comes between nine and ninety days after
exposure to the disease. It consists of a hard, painless sore, with enlarged,
painless lymph glands in the groin. This can lead to rashes or lumps in the
skin, fever and finally damage any system or organ in the body. This condition
has to be medically treated and abstinence from sex until cured.
Common medical problems that can affect the ear are excess wax in the
ear and perforation of the ear drum. The other is injury to the ear drum. When
the ear drum has a lump of wax against it or the ear passage is blocked, this
causes conductive deafness. One or both ears may be affected. In infection
there is discomfort, irritation and discharge.
Hard lumps of wax can be removed with a special instrument or syringed
out with warm water. In infection, drops can be prescribed with antibiotics.
Most of the focussing is carried out by the cornea but its focus is
fixed. The lens is flexible and makes fine adjustments to the focus. Myopia
or short sight occurs when the lens is too strong, so that it focuses
distant objects some where in front of the retina. In long sight or hypermetropia
near objects are focused behind the retina.
Cataract is an eye disorder, in which the lens of the eye
becomes progressively more and more opaque, blocking the passage of
light to the retina and making it difficult to see. In this the lens is
replaced through surgery.
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of
the conjunctiva. This is common among children due to
rubbing of eyes and can lead to infection. Simple washing of eyes and use of
drops can help. Glaucoma is an eye disease in which fluid accumulates in the
forward part of the eye ball. Pressure builds up and can result in blindness.
This can be treated easily by specialists.
Anorexia nervosa is a neurotic disorder in which the victim, usually
female, (as twenty women to one man are affected) deliberately reduces weight
to the point of emaciation. Primary anorexia nervosa are normally closely linked
to slimming in an attempt to look fashionable. Secondary anorexia are more
likely to achieve their loss of weight by sometimes enormously and then
Best would be to eat well and put your weight back on. This is an area
where psychotherapy has proved extremely successful.
Depression is a psychiatric illness, in which your vitality is reduced
and your emotional state is low. The chief feeling in acute depression is that
life is simply not worth living. It can strike at any age. Women are three
times as often affected as men.
Depression is caused by a shortage of the chemicals within the body
which are essential to the smooth running of the nervous system. In reactive
depression you feel unhappy and unable to cope with your work, feel
exhausted. In endogenous depression, you will slow down both mentally and
physically. You cannot make a decision, read or do anything efficiently.
Depression is like being in a locked room
without a key. Medical help is the only answer with various form of
Acne is a
disorder of the sebaceous (oil) glands and ducts which produce a substance
called sebum to lubricate the skin and hair. In acne, too much sebum
is produced and consequently the ducts through which it is conveyed to the
surface become blocked. The fatty sebum then accumulates to produce blackheads,
pimples and whiteheads.
Almost all adolescents suffer from acne. The acne bacillus can be
controlled by tetracycline taken four times a day. Cleanliness is obviously
Anaemia is a term used to describe blood disorders in which the
concentration of haemoglobin in the blood is abnormally lowered. Anyone of any
age can develop anaemia and the possible causes are numerous - diet deficient
in iron, folate, vitamin B12 and protein, loss of blood etc.,
You may be pale, mental fatigue, irritability, headache, dizziness and
fainting. Treatment depends on the type and cause of the anaemia. Dietary
modification, tablets and injections of deficient nutrient is best sorted.