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HISTORY OF HOME SCIENCE IN INDIA
The teaching of Home Science in India has a short history. Between 1920 to 1940, under the British administration. Home Science referred to as domestic science, home craft or domestic economy was introduced in some schools & colleges. The Princely State of Baroda was one of the first to introduce home science in secondary school. The history of home science at College & University was made in 1932 at Delhi, in Lady Irwin College. Then in 1938 Madras University accepted home science at the degree level and the well known & pioneering home science colleges in Chennai are the Queen Mary's College and the Women's Christian College, which appeared in the Indian horizon in 1942.
The Avinashilingam Home Science College Coimbatore headed by Dr. Rajammal P. Devadas contributed greatly towards the expansion of this interdisciplinary course at various levels, starting from School to Ph.D.
The Agricultural Institute of Allahabad had also started a Home Science Diploma Course in 1935 and it became a University Level Department in 1945. Other outstanding home science colleges, which have developed since 1950, are Universities at Coimbatore. Luthiana, Bombay, Udaipur & Tirupathi. Then in mid 1960's to 1970's Agricultural Universities recognized the need for teaching home science.
The Home Science Association of India had taken its roots at Baroda under the guidance of Dr. Flemmie P. Kittrell, Dr. Leela
Shah and Ms. Dorothy Pearson, in 1951. The first convention of the association met at Chennai in 1952 where the constitution of the Association prepared by Ms. Pearson of Women's Christian College, Chennai, was adopted. The broad objectives of the Association are to raise the standard of home science education in schools and colleges and to make homes and families healthier and happier. The publication of the Association is The Indian Journal Of Home Science. The Indian Home Science Association has been represented at the International Federation of Home Economics.
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