Psychological needs in living arrangements for the elderly
The house temperature should be comparatively
even from floor to ceiling because poor circulation makes the elderly
especially sensitive to chilling.
Elderly people need large windows to ensure
plenty of light because of the gradual impairment of vision.
Provisions should be made for safety. If the
elderly should have to climb few steps, floors should be unwaxed or covered
with wall-to-wall carpeting, and danger areas should be lighted at all times.
There should be adequate space for indoor and
outdoor recreation, a conditon best met in multiple-housing developments or in
Noise should be controlled, especially during
the night. This can be done by locating sleeping quarters in a quiet part of a
house or an apartment.
Elderly people should have labour-saving
devices, especially for cooking, dishwashing, and cleaning.
The living quarters should be on one floor to
avoid possible falls on steps.
Elderly people should have at least one small
room of their own so that they can have some privacy.
Living arrangements should include space for sedentary
recreation, such as reading and television watching.
There should be provision for storage of
Elderly people should live close to stores and
community organizations so that they can be independent in their activities.
Elderly people should be near relatives and
friends so that frequent contacts are possible.
Provisions should be made for recreation and
amusement, especially during the very hot/cold months when going outdoor is
difficult and being housebound becomes monotonous and boring.
Provision should be made for transportation to
shopping areas, places of amusement, hair-dressers, and churches/temples.