Puberty is the age when the internal organs of reproduction begin to function. The ovaries are stimulated at this time by hormones from the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. There are two of these hormones which together are called gonadotrophins. They are follicle stimulating and lutenising hormones.
The time of puberty varies. Physical changes take place at this time.
Mena pause is the term applied to the time when the child bearing period ends and the organs of reproduction cease to function. The child bearing period lasts on an average for approximately thirty years.
During this period the ovaries produce ova at regular intervals of about 28 days and changes take place in the uterus in preparation for possible pregnancy. This period of events is known as the menstrual cycle.
The extra secretions plus lining cells, blood from the broken down capillaries and the unfertilized ovum constitute the menstrual flow.
During this time some girls have abdominal cramps or excessive bleeding. It is advised that they treat this normal and if necessary consult a physician for pain relieving medicine and exercise. Regular exercise will give them relief from pain due to muscular cramps, for a longer period of time. Personal hygiene is very important.