Gathering is an effective and decorative way of distributing fullness over a given area. In dress making, gathers are often used at yokes line, waist line, neck line, upper and lower edge of sleeves for kid's and ladies garment. The amount of material needed for gathering will be twice the measurement of waist circumference.
These are more beautiful on thin fabrics. Gathering can be done through several ways as given below.
Fasten thread securely and work two rows of tacking stitches. Draw the ends of thread until the section measures the Gathers desired length and secure the thread by winding round over a bell pin.
Adjust the machine for long stitch and loosed the upper tension slightly. Now work two rows of machine stitches �' apart. Distribute the fullness evenly by pulling both bobbin threads together and do a row of machine stitch. Ruffles attachment or gathering foot can be used to gather large section of fabric.
Gathers can be made by stretching a narrow strip of elastic and stitching on the part of the garment which is to be gathered.
Shirring is formed by several rows of gathering. Use shirring only on soft or lightweight fabrics.
Stitch as many rows of gathering as desired with long machine stitches and secure each row with a knots in the seam allowance.
This is made by using elastic thread in the bobbin. Wind elastic thread on the bobbin by hand, stretching slightly. Use a long stitch, 6 to 8 stitches per inch (3-4 mm in length).
Stitch on the right side of the fabric, stretching the previously stitched rows as you sew each new row.