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Chapter: 12th Chemistry : Transition and Inner Transition Elements

Differences between lanthanoids and actinoids

Chemistry : Transition and Inner Transition Elements: Differences between lanthanoids and actinoids



Lanthanoids

1. Differentiating electron eneters in 4f orbital

2. Binding energy of 4f orbitals are higher

3. They show less tendency to form complexes

4. Most of the lanthanoids are colourless

5. They do not form oxo cations

6. Besides +3 oxidation states lanthanoids show +2 and +4 oxidation states in few cases.


Actinoids

1. Differentiating electron eneters in 5f orbital

2. Binding energy of 5f orbitals are lower

3. They show greater tendency to form complexes

4. Most of the actinoids are coloured. For example  U3+ (red), U4+ (green) , UO22+ (yellow)

5. They do form oxo cations such as UO2+2 NpO2+2  , etc

6. Besides +3 oxidation states actinoids show higher oxidation states such as +4, +5, +6 and +7.



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