Both the probability mass function and the cumulative distribution function of a discrete random variable X contain all the probabilistic information of X. The probability distribution of X is determined by either of them. In fact, the distribution function F of a discrete random variable X can be expressed in terms of the probability mass function f(x) of X and vice versa.
If the probability mass function f ( x) of a random variable X is
find (i) its cumulative distribution function, hence find (ii) P( X ≤ 3) and, (iii) P( X ≥ 2)
(i) By definition the cumulative distribution function for discrete random variable is
F ( x) = P( X≤ x) = ∑xi≤xP( X = xi )
Therefore the cumulative distribution function is
A six sided die is marked ‘1’ on one face, ‘2’ on two of its faces, and ‘3’ on remaining three faces. The die is rolled twice. If X denotes the total score in two throws.
(i) Find the probability mass function.
(ii) Find the cumulative distribution function.
(iii) Find P (3≤ X < 6) (iv) Find P ( X ≥ 4) .
Since X denotes the total score in two throws, it takes on the values 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
From the Sample space S, we have