The purpose of a washing machine is to remove soil (dirt) from the clothes. It consists of a drum in which dirty clothes, water and detergent are filled. These are agitated by means of a rotating plastic impeller called agitator. Some models have a spin dryer attached. The rinsed clothes are rotated in an empty drum while hot air blows through them. They may be taken out almost dry and ready for ironing. Automatic and semi-automatic washers are now available in the market.
1. Overloading of washer creates strain on the motor. When garments are crowded they neither wash well nor rinse well.
1. After the clothes have been removed from the washer, the lid should be kept open until the washer cools to prevent a musty odour.
2. Apart from the routine care, the outer surface of the washing machine should be wiped with a wet cloth.
Labour Saving Devices
Changes in social and economic conditions in the last few years have resulted in changed responsibilities for both the gainfully employed and full time homemaker. Normally the homemakers spend much of their time in the kitchen. It will be helpful if they can save steps, energy, money and time in several ways in the kitchen. Labour saving devices both electrical and non-electrical are increasingly utilized by the homemaker at present. These tools and appliances have become part and parcel of the houses because of the comforts they yield. Adjusting the homemakers workload at home and outside the home necessitates the use of tools and appliances for carrying out the household activities.
Labour saving devices are the tools and appliances used to save both time and energy of the homemaker.