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Chapter: 11th 12th std standard Home Science Maintain Basic Knowledge for family life Higher secondary school College

Types of Hem

Types of Hem
There are many types of hem finishes:Four types of hem finishes are discussed below:

Types of Hem

 

There are many types of hem finishes:

 

Four types of hem finishes are discussed below:

 

1. The Stitched and Turned Hem

 

The hem is evened, and the raw edge is turned under inch and machine stitched very close to the edge. Then the hem is slip-stitched in place with stitches inch apart.

Uses :

 

1.     This method should be used for almost all sheer fabrics.

 

2.     Use this method for lightweight cottons, because it is quick and very adequate.

 

3.     It is well to use this finish on cascaded drapery effects or cascading ruffles. As the drapery falls into folds, the hem will be revealed in places.

 

4.     This finish has an advantage for circular skirts too.

 

2. Herringbone Hem or Catch Stitched Hem

 

The hem is evened and the raw edge is left unfinished. The hem is merely turned up and held in place with catch stitches inch apart.

 

Uses:

1.     This method is sometimes used for very heavy wools of the tailored variety.

 

2.     Its most important use is for hems of lined garments.

 

3. Whipped Hem

 

The hem is evened and the raw edge is turned under inch, then whipping stitch is done inch apart to hold the hem in place. Be sure the stitches are inconspicuous on the right side of the fabric .

 

Uses :

This method is useful for light weight cotton fabrics.

 

It is also used on narrow hems, to finish bias facings.

4. Shell edge hem by hand

 

Turn 1/8 to 3/16 inch hem to the wrong side, and crease between the fingers or press. If the edge is curved or on the bias begin by machine stitching near the outside edge. Using a fine needle, hold the turned side of the hem toward you, and work from right to left. Fasten the thread with a small back stitch and slide the needle inside the fold to conceal the thread. Bring the needle out along the edge and make an overhand stitch over the hem, to produce a scalloped edge. Then slide the needle through the fold and continue.

Shell edged hem by machine

 

To achieve this shell-edge or multiple scalloped effect, use the blind stitch of your machine, the zigzag stitches reach over the folded edge of the garment to create tiny scallops.

 

Uses :

 

1.     It is a decorative hem used to decorate the night gowns.

2.     It is a popular finish used in lingeries.

 

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11th 12th std standard Home Science Maintain Basic Knowledge for family life Higher secondary school College : Types of Hem |


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