In order to understand pattern making and master dress designing one must have a clear knowledge about the fabric. A study about fabric involves various aspects like concepts of grain, right and wrong side and fabric texture.
Great care is required in garment construction. The shape and size of the cut pieces should be maintained to get proper fit, hence it is necessary to join the patterns soon after being cut, rather when they are fresh.
In order to maintain the size and shape, preliminary stitches are given to the patterns. Some of these stitches are stay stitch and basting.
In the modern times, the market is filled with various types of materials, which differ in fiber content, dye, print, surface embellissment, and finish. Each sample cannot be tested in labs to find its servericability and life. Therefore, knowledge about the fabrics by look and feel is essential for everyone dealing with textiles. This knowledge will enhance their ability to select the correct fabric for specific end uses.
Cotton fabrics are normally stiff. It will get crushed easily and the crease is left on the fabric.
Silk fabrics are very smooth to touch, bright and lusterious to see. The fingers run softly over silk fabrics.
Woollen fabrics are course to touch, with small protruding fiber hairs.
Polyester and rayon fabrics are smooth to touch and lusterous to see. These fabrics do not get crushed easily.
Twill fabrics show a diagonal effect and are course to feel.
Napped fabrics (pile and velvet) have loops or short hairy structure. It is smooth to touch.
Nylon and satin fabrics are very slippery to touch and they reflect light to a great extend.