Supplementing Family Income
The problem of insufficient income is so great in our country that many
families fall within the poverty line. It is essential in the grave context of
unemployment, under employment, and population explosion that every one must
work hard with high vision, so that our standard of living will be high.
Supplementing or enhancing family income is very much possible if one
takes up certain activities during the leisure time. Subsidiary occupations are
activities which augment the main income, and thereby help to utilise their
leisure. Leisure time available to certain group of people can be fully made
use of by such creative activities. Especially in rural areas people are not
employed during the off season. To them subsidiary occupation is a boon.
Kitchen gardening, poultry keeping, dairy farming, goat rearing, basket
.making, book binding, cartoon making, various craft works, embroidery, garment
making, drawing and painting, doll making, spinning and weaving are a few of
the subsidiary occupations one can take to enhance the family income.
Apart from this, the family's real income can be improved by the wise
management of the family, so that thrift is followed in spending money. A
homemaker needs to be a wise manager in planning the expenditure, investing in
savings for the future etc. to meet the varying needs of the members.
The family members can contribute their share of 'labour' to the family
so that they avoid engaging outside help for their family jobs - as household
work, tuition, marketing, baby care, care of sick, sewing etc. The members can
produce their own pickles, jam or other preserved foods as well as prepared
foods instead of spending extra money to buy the same from retail sellers or
Such early concepts in economy, practicing self-help and wise use of
leisure etc. pay dividends in enhancing the familys' money income as well as
Wealth from Waste
utilises resources for his everyday activities producing and consuming food and
various other commodities he generate. Waste is simply some useful substances
that we do not know to use. Waste can also be described as a resource out of
place. It should be realised that waste is a treasure which could be recycled
to form wealth. It is technically possible to recover atleast two third of the
resource, that people waste in everyday life.
Recycling of waste reduces the cost of disposal
and provides extra profit by reducing wastage of resources.
Methods and Benefits of Reusing Household Waste
Food wastes are, the animal, fruits or vegetable residues resulting from
the handling, preparation, cooking and eating of foods. Due to food shortage it
is necessary to prevent food wastages and make use of the wastages in cooking.
In vegetable cookery certain amount of wastage occurs by peeling the skin
portion of certain vegetables. The skin of ridge gourd, beetroot, seeds of bitter
gourd, snake gourd can be used for preparing chutneys. Ladies finger toppings
can be added to blackgram while grinding it for idli or dosai. Left over rice
could be used to prepare rice vathals.
Finding Creative use for Waste Materials
An old china teapot that has lost the lid can be used effectively as
flower vase. Similarly old wash basins can become indoor plant holder. Used
tooth brushes are excellent for cleaning combs, and handles of cups. An old
cooker gasket can be wound with a rope and can be used as hot pads on the
dining table. It can be wound with colorful wool thread, plastic wire and used
for decorating the walls at home.
scraps are used for repairing and decorating old garments for making rugs, bags
and soft toys and in many places for enchanting patch work in table cloth, wall
hangings, etc. Old cloths can also be used for stitching colourful bags,
cushion covers and window curtains. The wastes like empty bottles and tins can
be made into beautiful flower vases and containers.