Pattern of Late childhood Development
Late childhood is a period of slow and uniform growth period until changes of puberty begins.
Good health and good nutrition are important, since boys begin their puberty growth spurt approximately a year later than girls, they tend to be slightly shorter and lighter in weight than girls of the same age until they too become sexually mature.
Marked sex differences exist-not only in play skills at their age but also in the level of perfection of these skills. Girls surpass boys in skills involving finer muscles like painting, sewing etc. Boys are superior to girls in skills involving the grosser muscles, like kicking, playing basket ball etc.
Areas of improvement - Throughout late childhood, children's general vocabularies grow by leaps and bounds. From their studies in school, reading, conversation with others, exposure to radio, T.V, newspaper, they build up vocabularies which they use in their speech and writing. Errors in pronounciation are less common at this age than earlier. There is improvement in comprehension and communication.
Content of Speech - Their speech will depend on their personalities, social contacts and satisfaction from these contacts. They like to criticize and make fun of others. Children who are popular have a strong incentive to improve the quality of their speech.
Chatterbox stage characteristics of early childhood is gradually replaced by more control and selection of speech. Normally as childhood draws to a close, children talk increasingly less and this is part of the withdrawal syndrome that is characteristics of the puberty period.
Emotions in late childhood - Older children soon discover that expressions of emotions, especially of the unpleasant emotions is socially unacceptable to their age-mates. Hence they learn to control the outward expressions of their emotions. Heightened emotions may come from physical or environmental causes or from both. When they are ill or tired, sex organs begin to function, heightened emotionality is normally at its peak.
Social behavior in late childhood - This age is often referred to as the 'gang age'. From the time children enter school until puberty, the desire to be with and to be accepted by the gang becomes increasingly strong.
Play activities in late childhood - They indulge in a lot of constructive activities which includes drawing, painting, singing, working with models, exploring, collecting etc. They also do lot of reading, watching movies, T.V, playing games and participating in sports. Children who are lonely at home and who have few friends often amuse themselves by daydreaming.
Sex - Role Typing in late Childhood- Unquestionably the most important force in sex - role typing during these years come from peer pressure. If they have to be accepted by members of children's gangs, children must conform whole heartedly to the beliefs, values, pattern of behaviour of the peer group. In clothing, appearance and in mannerisms, children try to create the impression of sex-appropriateness.
in late childhood - As childhood draws to a close, children begin to hero-worship characters in history,
fiction, on screen, world of sports or teachers. They then form concept of the
ideal self, the kind of person they would like to be.