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Chapter: 11th Chemistry : Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom

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Limitation of Bohr's atom model

The Bohr's atom model is applicable only to species having one electron such as hydrogen.

Limitation of Bohr's atom model:

The Bohr's atom model is applicable only to species having one electron such as hydrogen, Li2+ etc... and not applicable to multi electron atoms. It was unable to explain the splitting of spectral lines in the presence of magnetic field (Zeeman effect) or an electric field (Stark effect). Bohr’s theory was unable to explain why the electron is restricted to revolve around the nucleus in a fixed orbit in which the angular momentum of the electron is equal to nh/2π and a logical answer for this, was provided by Louis de Broglie.


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