KINDS OF EQUALITY :
There are different kinds of equality. They are,
Natural Equality :
Natural equality rests on the principle that nature has created every one as equals. On the contrary, in reality we can seldom find such equality, as the world is prone with more inequalities than equality. People differ greatly in their intelligence, height, colour, physical strength and mental makeup. Natural equality is meant as the provision of equal treatment and equal opportunities to all human beings, irrespective of natural differences.
Civil Equality :
It implies of all before law. Irrespective of their status and position, all people should be treated equal and no discrimination should be made on the basis of caste, creed, sex, place of birth etc. Equal rights should be available to all the people and no body should be denied enjoyment of any right.
Political Equality :
Political equality is best guaranteed in a democracy. All citizens should have the right to participate in all affairs of the state without any discrimination on grounds of sex, race, religion, creed etc. Everything should be open to all people.
It means the enjoyment of political rights such as right to vote, right to contest in the election, right to hold public offices etc. It enables people's political participation and the principle of universal adult franchise is a manifestation of political equality.
Social Equality :
Social equality implies that no one should be regarded as high or low on the basis of his caste, colour, race or religion and no one person should be given special privileges on any of these consideration.
It stands for equality of status and absence of social barriers. It implies the abolition of social distinctions and strives for the establishment of class less society. In reality, there is no social equality as the Indian society is divided into different castes.
Economic Equality :
It means that there should be equal opportunity to all citizens in matters of availability of consumer goods, wealth and property. Similarly every on should have the same facility for jobs, work and in industry. There should be equal wages for equal work.
International Equality :
In means the principle of equality shall be extended to all people in all the countries. The same is true of nations and states. There cannot be different treatment between states and between peoples.