Equality is an important theme of normative political theory, which also is an important ideal of democracy. This lesson examines and explains the different senses in which the concept of equality is used.
Equality means, that whatever conditions are guaranteed to us, in the form of rights, shall also in the same measure be guaranteed to others, and that whatever rights are given to others shall also be given to us.
Equality like liberty is an important theme of democracy. Liberty and equality were understood to be one. Both the terms were considered to be of great importance since 19th century. Broadly speaking, equality implies a coherence of ideas that cover spheres ranging from man's search for the development of his personality in the society in which the strong and the weak live together, and both have the right of being heard.
Men are equal on their broad relationship in society. It is true that no government can equate dwarf to a tall man, and a stout to a lean man, but social institutions can extend to each individual, the status and the dignity of a human being, Viewed thus, the idea of equality has two side - positive and negative-that may be discussed as under:
In a positive sense, equality means the provision of adequate opportunities to all, without any discrimination on the basis of birth wealth, castle, colour, creed etc. No body should be debarred form certain facility just because of his status, caste, sex and creed.
It denotes, that, in its negative aspect, equality implies the absence of special privileges. There should be no artificial grounds of discrimination like those of religion, caste, colour, wealth, sex, etc, so that no talent should suffer from frustration for want of encouragement.