IMPORTANCE OF INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM :
Individual freedom means that every individual human being in the society is free to act according to his own free will. He is at the centre of the social system to which he belongs. Political thinkers and social scientist explain this 'As an attitude of mind which makes man to act according needs and interest'. In doing it he should have freedom for adjustments. It is an essential condition for man's happiness and of the development of his personality. It regards the state as a necessary evil. It is an evil because its activities necessarily restrict the freedom of the individual. Such a restriction is necessary because mankind has not yet reached that stage of evolution where the authority of the state may be completely done away with. As the state is an evil its functions should be reduced to the minimum. The best state is one, which exists the least. The prominent exponent of individual freedom was John Stuart Mill of England.
Population consists of individuals, great men, leaders and reformers. Just how much of political development is attributable to the spirit of the time that results from general causes and how much to the conscious effort of individuals is one of the most difficult of problems and historians have held widely divergent opinions concerning it. In spite of the fact that, great men, leaders, and reformers, it is each individual composing the states is a being that wills and acts. Without the cooperation of individual, no change is possible.
The need for individual freedom, and thus the
necessity to safeguard it arises. It is accepted that man can consciously
modify the physical condition of the external world. When the can do so, he may
also influence those psychical bonds that create nations and states ; and as
the control of man over nature makes progress rapid in material civilization,
so the conscious effort of man to modify his political system, makes possible
the revolutions and reforms that marks the path of state development and nation