An evolved constitution is the result of the growth of rules, which have been developed with the time, added one by one as and when the need was felt.
In Aristotle's classifications there is not place for limited monarchy, a presidential form of government, a parliamentary form of government, a unitary government and federal government. There is no guarantee that governments change in order indicated by Aristotle.
After Aristotle several other political thinkers have tried to classify the constitution. Among them the most scientific and acceptable to modern states is that of Leacock.
Modern constitutions are classified in the following manner.
1. Evolved and enacted constitutions.2. Written and unwritten constitutions.3. Rigid and flexible constitutions.
EVOLVED AND ENACTED CONSTITUTIONS:
An evolved constitution is the result of the growth of rules, which have been developed with the time, added one by one as and when the need was felt. It is the product of accumulated material, which has moulded and shaped the political institution of the country. Such a constitution is not made, it grows with its roots in the past, it is nothing but, a collection and continuation of customs, usages, traditions, principles and judicial decisions. The enacted constitution is the result of the deliberate effort of man. It is consciously made. It may be made by a constituent assembly or by the command of sovereign authority, king or parliament. The features of an enacted constitution are embodied in a document or in a series of documents.
Constitutions are now divided into written and unwritten instead of evolved and enacted.
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11th 12th std standard Political Science History goverment rule laws life Higher secondary school College Notes : Evolved And Enacted Constitutions |