Second essential content of a constitution is composition And powers of government.
CONSTITUTION OF GOVERNMENT :
Second essential content of a constitution is composition And powers of government. The main objective of the constitution is to provide outlines for the structures and powers of the government. A great portion of constitution is devoted to serve this particular purpose. How should the government be organized? How should it work? These questions are answered in the constitution. In wider sense the organization of government includes-
1. Division of powers amongst various departments. 2. Organisation of particular agencies through which state manifests itself.3. The extent and duration of their authority 4. The modes of appointment or election of public functionaries.5. The constitution of the electorate. Some constitutions give a detailed and specific description of composition and powers of the government and there are some constitutions, which are very general and short in displaying government. The constitution of USA adequately provides for the separation of powers among the executive legislative and judicial departments and the organization powers. It also contains statement regarding their jurisdiction and powers. It also includes list of prohibitions both for central and state government. According to Bryce the constitution of America-'ranks above any other written constitution for the intrinsic excellence of its scheme, its adaptation to circumstances of the people, the simplicity the brevity and precision of its language and its judicious mixture of definiteness in principle with elasticity in details'. The constitution of India is also an excellent and remarkable specimen. The Constitution Assembly has taken utmost care that nothing should be left unwritten which may create confusion and problem in future. Our constitution is bulkiest in the world. It was because of the complex diversity of culture, language and religions. The French constitution of 1857 provided only that the Deputies shall be elected by universal suffrage. It contained no provisions regarding the composition, the method of election, the term of office and organization on the powers of chamber of deputies. It was also silent on the organization of judiciary. Such constitutions are examples of general and brief presentation to government which are not good and which will not long. They lead to failure.
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11th 12th std standard Political Science History goverment rule laws life Higher secondary school College Notes : Constitution Of Government |