POLITICAL SCIENCE AND OTHER SOCIAL AND HUMAN SCIENCES:
Social science are those sciences, which discuss about the things connected with the affairs of individuals living in society, political science, economics, history, geography are some of the important social sciences.
Political science is immensely benefited from other social sciences. It is essentially connected and related to other social sciences. As a matter of fact, all social sciences are interrelated and interdependent.
Political Science and History:
There is closed and intimate relatioship between political science and history. The relatioship between political science and history is beautifully explained by John Seeley.
'History without political science has no fruit and politicalscience without history has no root'.
To quote the same author again,
'Politics is vulgar when not liberalized by history and history fades into mere literature when it loses sight of its relation to politics'.
According to Freeman,
'History is past politics and politics is present history '. They are complementary to each other. Montesquieu and Bryce made use of historical marterials to study political science.
Lord Bryce claims that,
political science stands midway between history and politics, between the past and the present.
It has drawn its materials from the one; it has to apply them to the other.
History deals with past events, movements revolutions, national struggles etc. and gives information about the origin and development of political institutions and thought. When various issues, concepts and terms, ideologies, are discussed in political science, their historicaldevelopment is also taken into consideration.
Political Science and Economics:
Political science and economics are very closely related. In the past, economics has been regarded as a branch of political science.Adam smith the father of economics in his book 'An Enquiry into the Nature and Courses of Wealth of Nations' also considered economics as an important branch of political science. It was called political economy.
Now the two social sciences namely political science and economics have their individuality and identification. Economics is a social science dealing with the production, distribution, exchange and consumption of wealth in the society. All economic activity is carried on within the state on conditions and stipulations laid down by the state.
Political science and economics are concerned with such matters, as formulation of five year plans, the socialistic pattern of society economic and welfare activities of government.
The political conditions of a country are greatly affected by its economic conditions. Healthy economy depends on a strong, effective and efficient administration of a country.
Political Science and Geography:
Political science is also related to geography. Geo means earth and graphy means description and geography is the description of the earth. Geography is the study of the earth's surface, physical features, natural and political divisions, climatic conditions, population, etc.
It helps us to understand the impact and influence of geographical conditions of the political institutions of a country. Political geography is known as geopolitics, a new branch of study in modern times. Montesquieu stressed the influence of physical environments on the forms of government and liberty of the people. As territory is an essential element of a state, geo - political factors influence political environment. According to Rousseau, there is a link between the climatic conditions and form of government. Warm climates are conducive to despots, cold climates to barbarism and moderate climate to a good polity.
Political Science and Sociology:
Sociology is the root of all social sciences. Auguste Comte is the father of sociology. Sociology is the study of Society. Political science and sociology are inter-related political scientists and sociologists contribute mutually for the benefit of whole society.
For example, the institution of marriage and related problems after that, namely divorce are within the domain of sociology. How to solve these problems in a harmonious way for better standard of life is within the competence of political science.
What was once a sub-field of sociology has now takes the form of 'political sociology' which is now a legitimate sub-field of political science.
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11th 12th std standard Political Science History goverment rule laws life Higher secondary school College Notes : Political Science And Other Social And Human Sciences |