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OBJECTIVES OF EQUALITY :
Equality has the following objectives :
1. No individual or group of individuals is vested with special privileges that are not available to other members of the society.
2. Everyone must be provided with adequate opportunities.for the development of their personalities.
3. There should be no discrimination among the people. Even if there is any discrimination, it should be based on reasonable grounds.
4. Rights must be granted to all equally and all must have equal access to opportunities leading to authority.
there is no consensus among the scholars of political science regarding the understanding of the relation between liberty and equality. They hold the view that liberty is against equality. They do not go together. They cannot exist side by side. However there can be no equality without liberty. Liberty is very essential for achieving equality.
Equality means, that whatever conditions are guaranteed to us, in the form of rights, shall also in the same measure be guaranteed to others, and that whatever rights are given to others shall also be given to us.
Equality like liberty is an important theme of democracy. Liberty and equality were understood to be one. Both the terms were considered to be of great importance since 19th century. Broadly speaking, equality implies a coherence of ideas that cover spheres ranging from man's search for the development of his personality in the society in which the strong and the weak live together, and both have the right of being heard.
'Liberty means the power of doing what we ought to do' - Montesquieu.
'Liberty means the absence of restraints' - Prof Seely.
The meaning of liberty finds its positive affirmation in the thought of T.H.Green who describes it as the power to do or enjoy something that is worth doing or enjoying in common with others. Liberty is the eager maintenance of that atmosphere in which men have the opportunity to be their best selves.
Liberty means the positive power of doing or enjoying - T.H. Green.
Taken together, it must be understood that, liberty exists not merely in the absence of restraints but in the presence of opportunities as well. The following definition embraces both aspects of liberty.
'Liberty is the product of Rights. It is the maximum opportunity to do desired things with a minimum of controls and regulations consonant with a well - ordered society.
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