Elements of Art
Line: Line is
the basic element. Line has three dimensions. They are length, thickness and
direction. Lines can be classified into straight, curved lines or
combination of these as zig zag line, scalloped lines. Straight lines give a
rigid, formal appearance where as curved line indicates feminity and
flexibility. They also give gracious look.
Lines can take vertical, horizontal, diagonal directions or a
combination of these. Vertical lines
suggest dignity and create the illusion of height to the room. Horizontal lines give a restful effect
and make the room look lengthier and reduces height. Diagonal lines are dynamic and create the impression of
restlessness if used in excess.
Form: Form is
referred to as area, mass and shape. When
lines are drawn in different
directions, they meet at common points to form different shapes. A solid has
three dimensions and the flat forms have two dimensions of length and width.
Too many varieties in form create confusion. A rectangular and square form can
be obtained by combining horizontal and vertical lines. A triangular form can
be produced by combining vertical or horizontal and diagonal lines.
Size: Size is the dimension of objects. It may vary from small, smaller, smallest or large, larger and
Texture: Texture is
the surface quality of the material. This can be classified into actual and
visual texture. Actual texture is the one that can be felt when we touch
and visual texture is the one that can be identified through visual
examination. A rough texture absorbs more light and smooth texture reflects
light. Texture in home may refer to wall finish, rugs, woodwork, an oil
painting, a ceramic urn or wood used for furniture.
adds beauty to any expression of art. Colour can bring about warm or cool effect, light or dark effect, bright or
dull effect in the articles and different areas of the house.
Design: A good
design shows an orderly arrangement of
lines, forms, colours and textures. It involves the problem of choosing these forms and colours and then
arranging them. It can be structural
design is the design made by the size, form, colour and texture of an object.
Structural design is essential to every object.
Requirements of a good structural design
It should be simple and beautiful.
It should be suited to its purpose.
It should be well proportioned.
It should be suited to the material of which it is made.
It should have originality.