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Factors influencing how much young children talk Intelligence
The brighter the child, the more quickly speech skills will be mastered and consequently the ability to talk.
Children who grow up in homes where discipline tends to be permissive talk more than those whose parents are authoritarian and who believe that 'children should be seen but not heard.'
Firstborn children are encouraged to talk more than their later-born siblings and their parents have more time to talk to them.
Only-children are encouraged to talk more than children from large families and their parents have more time to talk to them. In large families, the discipline is likely to be authoritarian and this prevents children from talking as much as they would like to.
In lower-class families, family activities tend to be less organized than those in middle and upper class families. There is also less conversation among the family member and less encouragement for the child to talk.
The poorer quality of speech and conventional skills of many young children may be due in part to the act that they have grown in homes where the father is absent, or where family life is disorganized because there are many children, or because the mother must work outside home.
While young children from bilingual homes can talk as much at home as children from monolingual homes, their speech is usually very limited when they are with members of their peer group or with adults outside the home.
As early as the preschool years, there are effective sex-role typing on children's speech. Boys are expected to talk less than girls, but what they saw and how they say it, is expected to be different. Boasting and criticizing others, for example are considered more appropriate for boys than the girls, while the reverse is true of tattling.
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