Family is an important part of man's social environment. Home management
is an essential component of family living, contributing to health, happiness
and well being of the family.
A family consists of two or
more persons related to each other by blood, marriage or adoption living in the
same household. Family as a social institution performs the activities of
procreation, economy, education and recreation. As a family is made up of human
beings living together with love, affection and mutual understanding, the
management of a family is basically concerned with the qualities of human
The present society is greatly different from that of our fore fathers.
The impact of western technology, mass education, democracy, industrialization,
employment and bureaucracy has led to a decline in the joint family system. It
has brought in lot of changes in the home and family life. Because of rapid
improvement in communication network, the facility to see, hear and assimilate
information has increased. There is increased production of a variety of goods
and service required for day to day living. The advancement in science and
technology has paved way for more number of women to take up employment
outside, which has resulted in the increased number of intercaste and inter
Time consuming house hold tasks are being accomplished by time saving
appliances. Convenience food has facilitated the employed home maker to
accomplish her task easily and quickly.
The traditional roles played by the various members in the family had
undergone rapid changes due to the involvement of women in labour force. The
participation of all the family members in the house hold tasks has become a necessity
due to the scarcity of labour in the domestic front.
is a means of adjusting to change and also
results in change.
CONCEPT OF HOME MANAGEMENT
Home management is a very important factor, which
contributes to the health, happiness and well being of a family. It paves
way for a better growth and development of the family members. Life has become
very complex because man has increased tools and has changed the tactics of
living. As a result, it has become necessary for him to develop more skills in
the use of available resources in order to get what he wants for himself and
his family to improve his status. In other words management deals with 'using what we have, to get what we want.' What we have is the resources. The resources that we have
may be time, money, energy, skill etc. What we want is the achievement of
goals. Goals are the aims in our life. Attainment of goals give pleasure and
non attainment gives dissatisfaction.
Dissatisfaction can be avoided only through the wise application of
management process. The quality of management will vary depending on the
managerial abilities of individuals. Management process will enable one to
identify and locate available resources and use them effectively to achieve the