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Categories of Child Development Workers
Non-Institutional Community Services. Child care workers for non-institutional community services are those concerned with pre-school children such as crèche attendants, nursery school/baldwadi teachers, balasevikas, anganwadi workers, etc. There are workers organizing recreation, hobbies, libraries and cultural activities for children. There are others who work with families for adoption and foster care services. Child health and school health service is the concern of the health functionaries such as midwives, auxiliary nurse, midwives, paediatricians and the like. Psychologists, psychiatrists and psychiatric social workers are working in social work service, child guidance clinics, etc. In addition, there are multipurpose workers like grama sevikas who look after the needs of children, nutrition services, welfare of mothers, etc. These workers are also assisted by associate women workers known as gram lakhmi/gram kaki.
Residential Services. For residential institutions, there are house-mothers, group workers, superintendents of institutions for socially handicapped children, etc.
Community Development Workers
The children's programmes are of the nature of balwadis, crèches, play centers, nutrition centers, maternity and child welfare centers, etc. Therefore, a functionary known as grama sevika was introduced to implement the programmes for women and children.
The mukhya sevikas who supervised the work of grama sevikas are trained
by various Social Education Organizers Training Centres either run directly by
the Government or by voluntary agencies like the Gandhi Gram near Madurai,
Vishwa Bharti at Shanti Niketan, the Ramakrishna Mission in Calcutta, Sewa
Mandir in Udaipur, M.S. University of Baroda, etc. The Directorate of Extension
organizes subject-matter courses for mukhya sevikas and the instructors of the
Farmers Training Centres, in child development and nutrition at different Home
Science Colleges on a grant-in-aid basis.
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