Characteristics of Infancy
Infancy is the shortest of all Developmental period - Infancy begins
with birth and ends when the infant in approximately two weeks old. This period
is divided into two namely
Infancy is a time of radical adjustment - although the human life span
legally begins at the moment of birth, birth is merely an interruption of the
developmental pattern that started at the moment of conception. It is the
graduation from an internal to external environment.
Infancy is a plateau in development - The rapid growth and development
which took place during the prenatal period suddenly comes to a stop with
birth. The halt in growth and development, characteristic of this plateau is due
to the necessity for making radical adjustment to the postnatal environment.
Once these adjustments have been made, infants resume their growth and
Infancy is a preview of later development. It is not possible to predict
with even reasonable accuracy what the individual's future development will be
on the basis of the development at birth.
Infancy is a hazardous period - physically it is hazardous because of
the difficulties of making the necessary radical adjustment to the totally new
and different environment. Psychologically infancy is hazardous because it is
the time when the attitudes of significant people towards the infant are
crystallized and change radically after the infant is born or can remain
unchanged depending on conditions at birth and on how the parents adjust.