Adjustment in physical changes of Middle age
One of the most difficult adjustment middle age men and women must make is to change the appearance. They must recognize that their body is not functioning as adequately as it formerly did and may even be 'wearing out' of in certain vital areas. This reproductive capacity is coming to an end and losing some of their sex drive and sexual attractiveness.
Women may experience a sudden cessation of menstruation. Many women gain weight during menopause mainly around the abdomen and hips. They also experience personality changes, become depressed and hostile. Among men, there is a gradual decline in gonadal activity leading to decline in sexual desire and sex organ functioning.
Good social adjustments in middle age is important. They should give up the 'rocking chair' philosophy which many middle age people follow. They should not think they have to remain inactive and give up many of their normal activities and desires. Instead they need to develop skills to keep them engaged in economic and social activities, take up responsibilities in the family like looking after grand children and giving a moral support to the members of the family.
Adjustmental hazards are more to single women than single men. Adjustment to loss of a spouse presents many adjustment problems for the middle aged man or woman. This will lead to disruption in the pattern of living.
They also have to adjust to approaching old age and retirement. The success with which men and women adjust to middle age can be assured by their achievements, emotional status, effects of physical and psychological changes or personality and the degree of satisfaction of happiness the middle aged person experiences.