Home | Activities in the house and space allocation

Chapter: 11th 12th std standard Home Science Maintain Basic Knowledge for family life Higher secondary school College

Activities in the house and space allocation

Activities in the house and space allocation
The house and its grounds can be divided into three major areas based on the various activities of the house.

Activities in the house and space allocation


                        The house and its grounds can be divided into three major areas based on the various activities of the house.


                Social or public area - The rooms allotted are, verandah, living room, reception, dining, music, reception and games room.


                Service or Work area - The rooms allotted are kitchen, serving, laundry, drying yard, ironing room, garage, storage areas, office and study room.


                Rest or private area - Bedroom, dressing room, bathrooms, prayer room etc.


                        It is not possible to allot room for each and every activity separately, but it is important to allot spaces for the more important ones.

Rooms in the house


                        A verandah serves many purposes. It is a place for stranger or a visitor to wait. It is a place for keeping shoes, walking sticks, umbrellas and a place to store vehicles. It provides place for business, the postman, the newspaper boy, milkman, and the vendors to call on the family members at the entrance. It serves as a passage to other rooms of the house. It is a place for sitting in the evening or at night after dinner enjoying light reading, or conversation with family members and neighbours. In small houses, it is the main sitting room. It protects the walls of the house from the direct rays of the sun. It is a place for pets and also a place for growing plants.

The Back Verandah


                        It serves different functions such as grinding, drying clothes etc. A verandah more than 3.6 m wide is not economical. A verandah facing south or west is comfortable.

Living Room


                        Living room is placed adjacent to verandah. The living room should provide place for many of the family activities as reading, conversation, get together, indoor games and light music. It is a place to receive friends and also to hold social functions. In a small house, it can serve as a study room for children, sleeping area for one or two members. It can be a dining room during special occasions. At times it can accommodate guests. Thus it may serve multi various functions, depending upon the type of the family.


                        A living room should express cordial welcome to the friends of the family. The living room should be well lighted and well ventilated and should provide maximum comfort for the family members. The living room should be situated on one side with an entrance from front verandah.


                        The minimum size for a living room should be 4.5m by 3.6m(15 ft. by 12 ft). The size of the door should be 90cms as minimum width and should be at one side of the wall. A coating of oil painting on tiles fixed on walls for a distance of 1.5 m from the floor is good from the sanitary point of view. The furniture and furnishing that are used in the living room must be comfortable and suitable for the room.

                        For example,

                        For conversation- sofa, chairs,

                        For hospitality- a center coffee table

                        For reading- table, chairs and bookcase

                        For receation- radio and television cabinet, table and chairs


                        The living room should be simple in design. There should be enough wall space for hanging pictures and for display of decorative articles. Flower arrangements add beauty to the room. A shelf may be provided for art objects.

Bed Room


                        One spends more than 1/3 of his/her lifetime at rest and instead of in sleep here. It can provide place for dressing and storage of clothes. Practically 4.5m by 3.5m has been found to be a good size for a bedroom. A rectangular room is more convenient than a square one. No room should have less than 3sq.m. of the floor area.


                        Ventilation is of utmost importance in bedroom. It should be on the side of the direction of prevailing wind. The door of the bedroom should be located in such a way that when opened the bed is not visible fully. Bathroom attached to a bedroom would add to the convenience of the family members.


                        Some storage space should be provided in the bedroom. Built-in cupboards for clothes and bed linen save space. A chest of drawers could also be provided. A small table and a chair may find a place to keep some of the books for light reading, table lamp, flower arrangements etc.


                        It is better that parents have a separate master bedroom and children above ten years have separate bedrooms.



                        Kitchen is aptly described as the home maker's workshop. It is the nerve centre of the house, a place where we cook food, store our food, utensils and provisions. It can provide space for eating too. The comfort, health and happiness of the family mainly depends on the activities carried out in the kitchen.


                        Homemakers in India spend 70% of their time in the kitchen. Kitchen should never be a suffocating chamber of pungent smoke

                        irritating the eyes, nose, lungs and also the temper of the housewife. The apartments pose some of the problems such as lack of space and uncomfortable arrangements. It is very essential that one gives enough thought to the kitchen arrangements.



                        The best location will be eastern or north-eastern corner of the house. This is helpful in having purified air and also warmth in the morning and coolness during the other part of the day.

Size and shape


                        For actual efficiency the kitchen should be neither too small nor too large. A rectangular kitchen is step saving. The size can vary from 3m by 2.4m or 3m by 3m.

Activities and work centers


                        The main activities in the kitchen are food preparation, cooking and cleaning of food items and equipment. The work area for these three activities should be carefully planned. The kitchen should have the preparation, cooking and washing centers adjoining each other at comfortable heights to form a triangle. This work triangle ensures convenience and safety.

                        The various shapes in which the major work centers can be arranged are 'U' shaped, 'L' shaped, one wall and parallel walls. The ideal shape for the kitchen arrangement is 'U'. It consists of preparation and cooking centers on either side and the cleaning center in the middle. This is a compact arrangement and labour saving too.


                        In the 'L'shaped kitchen arrangement of the work centers are placed on two adjoining walls. The one wall arrangement is suitable for small kitchen.


  i.      Types of kitchen

                                                                                                                                                1. Parallel wall      2. U - shape

                                                                                                                        3. L shape   4. Single wall

Cooking centre


                        The range with the storage of utensils needed for cooking occupied an important place in the kitchen. A peg board for frying pans and sauce pans, a holder for knives and spoons and all the food items and equipment must be placed within easy reach in the cooking center.

Washing centre


                        Storage cupboard for dishcloth and brushes can be hung in convenient place provided there. Sink should always be placed in front of a window. Garbage pail should be kept near or under the sink.

Preparation centre


                        Placement of a refrigerator in the preparation center facilitates easy handling of vegetable, milk, egg and fruits during preparation. The equipment like blenders, beaters, sifters, saucepans, measuring cups, spoons, knives, spatula should be stored here.

Height of the working center


                        It can be 80 to 90cms depending upon the height of the person working in the kitchen.

Storage facilities in the kitchen


                        Built-in cupboard or cupboard with drawers and rack can be provided. Care should be taken to avoid insects. The wall area above and below the counter should be made full use of.



                        The purpose of a bathroom is to provide facilities for bathing, washing and dressing too. The main bathroom should be in the ground floor not far away from the main rooms. It can be attached to the bedroom for convenience. A bathroom with 1.5m by 1.8m in size is necessary. If area for keeping water boiler and washing clothes are to be provided the size may be 1.8m by 3m.


                        There should be good ventilation in the bathroom. A window at the usual level with frosted glass shutters, admitting light but keeping privacy, is good. A ventilator at the height of 180 cm. above the ground level is helpful. Loft can be provided to store things if necessary. Small built-in shelf may be used for keeping oil, soap, brush, paste, etc. The flooring finish should be easy to clean. It should never be slippery. The wall should have a polished surface to a height of 90cms from the floor. There should be good drainage facilities for removal of waste water from the bathroom.

Water closet or latrine


                        Water closet can be near the house or even inside the house. Now a days they can be flushed with the water. The latrine on basket system is not sanitary. Earth closets can be used in rural areas. The minimum space needed is 1.2m by 1.8m in width and length. Strictest privacy is required in these rooms in respect of light and sound.


                        The lavatory should be kept clean. The basin should be cleaned daily with a reagent. The room should be washed with disinfectant like phenol/dettol. If bath section and water closet are combined, more space is needed. The room may be equipped with mirror, washbasin, closed storage for toilet articles, a rack to keep clothes and towels, tub, mug, etc. There should be tap connection for running water. Facilities for shower bath add to the convenience and pleasure.

One Room Apartment


                        The acute housing shortage and low-income levels in India have compelled many to live in one room apartment. One room apartment is a single room where daily activities of family are carried on. Hence enough thought should be given for the proper planning and use of one room apartment. One should learn to make the best use of their single room.


               The single room is divided into various areas as cooking, dining, sleeping, studying, entertaining areas and so on.


               The division of space is possible by means of room divider, screen, wooden screen, plywood, wooden cupboard and other types of partitions.


               The front area can be used as living room and the area behind can be used as cooking cum dining room.


                        The living room can be partitioned from the dining by a large wooden partition with shelves on either side. Curioes, flower arrangements could be placed on the shelf facing the living room, where as crockery, tumblers and other dining utensils could be stored on the shelves of the dining room side.


                The kitchen section should be large enough to play the part of a kitchen as well as an eating-place.


                The living room can be converted into bedroom at night. The dining room can serve as a study room.

                In the kitchen, built-in-cupboards for storage help to save space.

                Furniture should be kept to a minimum .


                Multipurpose furniture save space. For example sofa-cum-bed,which is convertible as sofa in the morning and as bed at night.


                Folding chairs, tables, movable modas are helpful to keep the place compact.


                If wooden partitions take too much space, cloth screens can be used as room divider.

                        By carefully planning the one room apartment a family can enjoy a comfortable life.

Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail
11th 12th std standard Home Science Maintain Basic Knowledge for family life Higher secondary school College : Activities in the house and space allocation |

Privacy Policy, Terms and Conditions, DMCA Policy and Compliant

Copyright © 2018-2024 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.