Special needs of a blind child
important to render all possible help and attention to the blind child to
enable him/her to be independent, self-reliant and economically viable.
Physical, social and emotional needs have to be attended with special attention
to yield satisfying results.
Physical Needs. Parents of a young blind child have to give special attention to feed and clothe their little one. Children need to be
trained to do their daily routine jobs like toilet, bath, dressing and feeding
etc. Special effort is needed to help them move around the house without
knocking things and hurting themselves. Orientation and mobility training for
such children is a must from the early age. These children must be made
familiar and comfortable with their bodies and the surroundings they live in.
The parents may need to take these children often to the doctors to protect
them from diseases arising out of general constitutional weakness.
Emotional and Social
Needs. Parents and siblings need to develop special contact by hugging, petting and reassuring the
handicapped child when scared and emotionally upset. Constant reassurance with
love and tender care will help the disadvantaged child in exercising better
control on emotions and feel emotionally secure.
Love, hatred, jealousy, fear, happiness are some of the emotions you are
familiar with. A young child has very little control on his emotions. One is
able to exercise better control on emotions as one grows. Fear and panic are
known to relax the bowels. Emotionally maladjusted children may urinate due to
temporary loss of bladder control. Being sad and morose lowers the appetite
resulting in poor nutrition and ill health. Children may have spasms and froth
at the mouth when they cannot control their emotions.
child needs to be loved to feel secure. This enables one to interact in a
correct way and with confidence. A blind child's social world is his/her
parents. Parents' attitude and acceptance of the disability of their child goes
a long way in providing the child with confidence to deal with the routine
problems. It must be accepted that total development of the child is slower
when compared to a normal child.
The need to love and be loved is strong among
handicapped children. The strong bonds of love help the child take bigger leaps
in the process of development. Consequently the child will be well-adjusted in
his/her social environment. Social and emotional adjustments are essential for
Need for Independence.
The parents should help the child to explore his/her surroundings and do
routine jobs independently. To start with combing hair, buttoning up of shirt
and tying of shoe laces etc. may be time-consuming and clumsy. Appreciation
will encourage the child to take on new jobs with confidence. The child's need
to feel capable can be enhanced by providing vocational guidance for the jobs
he/she can perform. This will ensure self-reliance. Have you ever noticed the
'white' stick used by the blind to move around? The stick may be fitted with
Educational Needs. It is possible to educate children with poor sight, total/partial blindness.
Books with big print and desk with proper light are of considerable help
to the child with defective vision. Green/grey board instead of a blackboard,
unglazed paper and use of soft black pencils improve the visibility for such a
child. Handicapped children learn better with special equipment under the
guidance of special educators.
Children with severe defects will need to be educated with special
tools. Have you heard of BRAILLE? It is a system of reading and writing the
letters, numbers and words. The basic Brailler is a six-keyed device like a
typewriter. The Braille dots are punched out one at a time from right to left.
Children learn to use Braille with ease, once coached properly.
tapes are being used to impart education to the blind. Blind children need to
develop listening skills to better their learning.
Special attention is being given to the blind children in the form of
education and training. More employment opportunities provided to the blind
adults are an assurance of their legal and human rights.