Possible threats of Genetically Modified Organisms
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) also called Genetically Engineered organisms (GEOs) are created to play a role in agriculture, forestry, aquaculture, bioremediation and environmental management in developed and developing countries. However, deliberate or inadvertent release of GMOs into the environment could have negative ecological effects under certain circumstances.
Creating new or more vigorous pests and pathogens. Worsening the effects of existing pests through hybridization with related transgenic organisms.
· Harming non-target species such as soil organisms, non-pest insects, birds and other animals.
· Disrupting biotic communities including agro ecosystems.
· Irreparable loss or changes in species diversity or genetic diversity within species.
· Creating risks for human health.
The release of GMOs into the environment could also have far reaching consequences. This is because the living GMOs proliferate, persist, disperse and sometimes may transfer their DNA into other organisms.
GEOs could also displace the existing organism and create new species which may cause severe environmental damage. Due to these risks the regulatory authorities are very careful in permitting the field trials of GMOs into the environment.