Neural Control and Coordination
Ampulla – The widened opening for each of the semicircular canals, containing sensory innervations.
Depolarization – The loss of electric potential difference between the inside and outside the nerve cell due to a change in permeability and migration of sodium ions to the interior.
Neurotransmitters – Also known as chemical messengers, are chemicals that transmit signals across a neuromuscular junction, from one neuron to another "target" neuron, muscle cell, or gland cell.
Nissl’s granules – Endoplasmic reticulum with free ribosomes, found in the cytoplasm of neuronal cell body, but absent in the axon. These are the site of protein synthesis.
Nodes of Ranvier – Periodic gap in the insulating sheath (myelin) on the axon of certain neurons that serves to facilitate the rapid conduction of nerve impulses.
Properioception – The ability to sense stimuli arising within the body regarding position, motion and equilibrium.
Schwann cells – It is also called neurilemma cell, produce the myelin sheath around neuronal axons in the peripheralneural system. Schwann cells are named after German physiologist Theodor Schwann, who discovered them in the 19th century.
Septum pellucidum – Located in the midline of the brain, between the two cerebral hemispheres. It separates the lateral ventricles I and II.
Threshold stimulus – The minimum stimulus needed to achieve an action potential.