Neural Control And Coordination
Did you ever wonder how our body functions? The body maintains a stable condition even when the outside environment changes; Our eyes help to see things around us; Ears help us to hear various sounds; Heart beats continuously and rhythmically; Air goes in and out of lungs; Eyes shed tears when our limbs get hurt. Each cell of the body works in a coordinated manner. Do you know how it is coordinated and controlled?
The neural system of our body coordinates all the other systems to work together effectively and smoothly. Every second, diverse functions in our body are performed by the neural system. Day and night, millions of messages pass as stimuli through the cells of the neural system to stimulate the heart to beat; kidney to excrete waste; and mouth to relish the delicious food. An even more remarkable feature of the neural system is its ability to respond simultaneously to several stimuli, for instance, we can play piano and sing; listen to music and do household chores. In all such coordinated movements, whether skilled performances or routine tasks like cycling or driving, the integrating power of the neural system is involved. In this chapter, you will understand how neural system is organized; how it integrates all organs and what kind of cellular events underlie its functioning.