MEANINGD OF LOCAL SELF - GOVERNMENT
Local self - Government, in its organization, functions and objectives, differ from the government. It refers to an agency or organization whose concern is the administration of the affairs, the introduction and implementation of schemes intended to promote the welfare of the people living both in the urban and rural areas. This kind of set - up is complementary to what a national or a state government does for the benefit of the people.
In this connection it may be understood that government is an organization with such bodies as the executive, legislature, and judiciary. It is jurisdiction is concerned with its boundaries which includes the national resources and the whole population. Its activities are numerous and varied. They are in nature social, economic, cultural and political. Strictly speaking almost every aspect of the governance, the exploitation of wealth, and carrying out of programmes for the welfare of the people come under its responsibility. From this it will be clear that the term government refers to a body whose jurisdiction and responsibility extend to the entire are of a state and includes the whole population. But local self - government is an agency which is concerned with the well being of a population living in any part of the state. It deals with aspects and problems pertaining to the area which comes directly under its jurisdiction.
Local self -government also implies that the administration of an area is the responsibility of the people living in any one particular area or place. The local administration, in theory, is said to be voluntary. The local self government is created in accordance with reference to the terms and conditions which have been stipulated in those laws of the state. Thus it should be clear that government and local self - government are not one and the same in their composition and functions and in their characteristic features. Government has a superior status while the local self - government is a subordinate agency.