The essential elements of directing are as follows:
1. Issuing orders and instructions
Every instruction given by the manager in the process of directing his subordinates should be reasonable, complete and clear. It must be in writing, so that the possibility of misunderstanding can be avoided.
2. Guiding, counselling and teaching the subordinates
The manager should guide, counsel and teach the subordinates with regard to the proper way of doing the job in order to enable them to carry out their job-effectively and efficiently.
3. Supervising the work of subordinates
Every work of subordinates should be supervised by the manager to ensure that their performance conforms to the plan.
4. Motivating the subordinates
Motivating the subordinates to meet the expectations of the superiors is another element of directing.
5. Maintaining Discipline
Another element of directing is maintaining discipline and rewarding efficient performance.
6. Consultative Direction
Before the issue of any order, the people responsible for executing order will be consulted with regard to its feasibility, workability and the best way of accomplishing the results.
7. Integrative Force
Direction integrates the activities of employees. It is mainly concentrated about what, when, where and who to do the work. Without integration, no activities can be fulfilled.
8. Initiating the action
In direction, a manager motivates the subordinates to perform the activities. When an employee receives the direction, his or her initiative will start to do the work.