The declaration of Human Rights states, 'All human being are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMORACY :
The declaration of Human Rights states, 'All human being are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
On 10 December 1984, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which has become a universal standard for defending and promoting human rights.
Every year on 10 December, Human Rights Day marks the adoption of the Universal Declaration.
On Human Rights Day it is celebrated around the globe that 'All human beings are born with equal and inalienable rights and fundamental freedoms.' Human rights regulars the relationship between individuals and the state. Individuals must be protected against injustice, and it is the duty of the state to protect its individuals. Human rights state that all people are born free and equal in their value and rights to which they are entitled.
This basic theory forms the basis for the entire great system of legal rule created in the field of human rights.
There are three different groups of rights :
a. Civil and political rights : the right to life,freedom of expression, the right to vote, personal safety and integrity.
b. Economic, social and cultural rights : such as the right to an education, housing, health and work.
c. Collective rights : such as the right to self - determination, peace and an acceptable environment.
The Need to Protect Human Rights :� The need to promote substantive laws at the national level that respect human rights, e.g. protection against torture and inhuman treatment;� The need to promote procedural safeguards for those who are arrested under national security related laws, including access to lawyers, expeditious access to the courts and independence of the judiciary;� The need to address the concerns of special groups such as women, children, refugees / asylum - seekers, minorities and indigenous peoples;� The need to ensure that there are checks and balances against abuses of power and that State power is not unlimited.� The need to abide by international human rights standards.
� The need to promote the view, that human rights/ human security and national security are compatible and that they are both accommodated in international law and the international human rights framework.
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11th 12th std standard Political Science History goverment rule laws life Higher secondary school College Notes : Human Rights And Demoracy |