FORMS OF GOVERNMENT
Government is one of the essential elements of the State. It is the working agency of the State. The importance of the Government in modern times is highly felt. Attempts have been made from time to time to classify the various forms of Government.
Forms of Government -> 1.Dictatorial 2.Democratic
Democratic -> 1.Presidential 2.Parliamentary
Presidential -> 1.Unitary 2.Federal
Parliamentary -> 1.Unitary 2.Federal
The classification of Governments as explained by C.F.Strong may be represented through the following list:-
Sl.No. Source of Classification A B
I. Jurisdiction of governmental powers : Democracy Dictatorship
II. (a) Nature of the State : A.Unitary State B.Federal State
(b) Nature of the Constitution : A.Flexible B.Rigid
(c) Nature of Constituency : A.(i) State having universal franchise system(ii) States having single-member constituencies B.(i) States having limited voting system (ii) States having multi-members constituencies
III. (a) Nature of Legislature : A.States having Bicameralism B.States having Unicameralism.
(b) Structure of the Legislature : States having Elected Members in Upper Chambers B.States having no elected Members in Upper Chambers
IV. Nature of Executive : A.Parliamentary and Responsible form of Government B.Presidential form of Government
V. Nature of Judiciary : A.States having Rule B.States having of Law. Administrative Law.
The above classification of C.F.Strong on forms of government is wholly concerned with the formal structure of the state.