Effects of Endocrine imbalance at Puberty
Insufficient Growth Hormone
An insufficient amount of growth hormone in late childhood and early
puberty causes the individual to be smaller than average at maturity.
Insufficient Gonadal Hormones
If the gonadal hormones are not released in adequate amounts soon enough
to check the growth hormone, growth of the limbs continues too long, and the
individual becomes larger than average. Insufficient amounts of gonadal
hormones also affect the normal development of the sex organs and the secondary
sex characteristics, with the result that the individual remains childlike or
takes on characteristics of the opposite sex, depending on when the
interruption in the development cycle occurs.
Excessive Supply of Gonadal Hormones
An imbalance in the functioning of the pituitary gland and the gonads
can cause production of an excessive amount of gonadal hormones at a very young
age, resulting in the onset of puberty sometimes as early as five or six years
of age. This is known as precocious puberty or puberty precox. While such children
are sexually mature in that their sex organs have begun to function, they are
still small in structure and the secondary sex characteristics are not as well
developed as in those who mature at the usual age.
Hazards of Puberty
Physical Hazards - The major physical hazards of
puberty are due to slight or major malfunctioning of the endocrine glands that
control the puberty growth spurt and the sexual changes that take place at this
Unfavourable self concepts - is revealed in
their behavior. They either become withdrawn from others or become aggressive
Under achievement - with rapid physical growth
comes a sapping of energy. This leads to a distinclination to work and
attitudes of boredom toward any activities.
Lack of preparation for puberty changes -
parents and teachers play an important role in this, especially giving the
necessary information about puberty or else it would turn out to be a traumatic
experience for them.
Acceptance of socially approved sex roles - for
many pubescent girls, the psychological hazard of acceptance of the traditional
female sex role is intensified by the periodic discomforts they suffer at the
time of their menstrual periods while boy are not subject to this.
Because the three 'A's of happiness - acceptance, affection
and achievement - are often violated during these years, puberty finds to be one of the
most unhappy periods of the life span. This is serious because unhappiness can
and often does become habitual.