Heart disease affects people of all ages, but is most often caused by
atherosclerosis. The term atherosclerosis is used to describe
a condition in which lipids are deposited in the intima of blood vessels. The
important contributory causes for the development of atherosclerosis are
High calorie intake
High saturated fat and cholesterol intake.
Increased level of cholesterol in blood.
Stress and strain.
The objective are maximum rest for the heart and maintenance of good
Principles of Diet
Energy : The calorie intake should be just adequate to meet the requirements. For obese patients, it
may be necessary to reduce calorie intake.
Fats should be restricted to not more than 20% of the total calories
consumed. The diet should consists of polyunsaturated fatty acids, (eg)
should contain adequate amount of proteins and vitamins. Fishes are a good
source of n-3 fatty acids. Consumption of 100 - 200g of fish 2-3 times a week
helps to prevent heart disease. Three or four smaller meals are suggested
instead of two big meals.
exercise and relaxed mental attitude help to reduce blood pressure. Smoking and
drinking of alcohol should be stopped.