The term peptic ulcer is used to describe any localized erosion of the mucosal lining of those portions of the alimentary tract that come in contact with gastric juice. The symptoms of peptic ulcer are epigastric pain, discomfort and gas formation in the upper part of abdomen, weight loss and iron deficiency anaemia.
Bland diet, which consists of mechanically, chemically and thermally non-irritating foods should be given.
Moderate use of seasonings is permitted.
Regularity of meal times is essential. Small frequent meals are given.
In between meals, protein rich snacks should be taken.
Meals should be eaten in a relaxed atmosphere and the person should forget personal or family problems while eating.
Foods should be eaten slowly and chewed well.
Milk and cream can be included because it helps in healing of the ulcer.
High protein foods should be included because it helps in healing of the ulcer.
Foods to be Included: Milk, cream, butter, custards and well cooked cereals.
Foods to be Avoided: Strong tea, coffee, alcohols, pickles, spices and condiments and fried foods.
Diarrhoea is the passage of stools with increased frequency, fluidity or volume compared to the usual for a given individual. Nutritional care includes the replacement of lost fluids and electrolytes by increasing the oral intake of fluids, particularly those high in sodium and potassium such as soups and juices.
Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) is given which is made by mixing one glass of boiled cooled water with one pinch of salt and one teaspoon of sugar. When the diarrhoea stops, starchy foods like rice, potato and plain cereals can be given followed by protein foods. Fat need not be limited if the individual is otherwise healthy.